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Archive for 27 octubre 2011

28% of executives say the resume is where most job seekers make mistakes in the application process. But what exactly constitutes a mistake?

1. Unnecessary Details About Your Life 

There are a few personal details you should include on a resume: full name and contact information, including email, phone number and address. But beyond that, personal details should be kept to a minimum. If the prospective employer wants to know more than the minimum, they will ask you or figure it out for themselves.

“Your age, race, political affiliation, anything about your family members, and home ownership status should all be left off your resume,” says Ann Baehr, a certified professional resume writer and president of New York-based Best Resumes. “What’s confusing is that [a lot of personal information is] included on international CVs. In theU.S., including [personal data] is a no-no because it leaves the job-seeker open to discrimination.”

The exception to the rule: If you’re looking to work for an organization closely tied to a cause, you may consider including your race, political party, or religious beliefs.

“Personal data may suggest a bias, unless what you want to do next is directly tied to one of those categories, because it shows aligned interest,” says Roy Cohen, a New York Citycareer coach and author of The Wall Street Professional’s Survival Guide. So, unless you’re looking to work for a religious, political, or social organization, you’re better off keeping personal philosophies to yourself.

2. Your Work Responsibilities as a Lifeguard When You Were 16…

“Don’t include information that will not advance you in your work goals,” says Rena Nisonoff, president of The Last Word, a resume-writing and job-coaching company inBoston. “Anything extraneous should be left off your resume.” That includes hobbies and irrelevant jobs you held many years ago.

Unless you’re an undergraduate student or a freshly minted professional, limit your work history to professional experience you’ve had in the past 10 to 15 years (or greater, if it was a C-level position).

3. A Headshot

In some industries, being asked for and including a headshot is commonplace, but unless you’re a model, actor, or MissAmerica, the general rule of thumb is that photos should be left out.

“To many [hiring managers], including a headshot feels hokey,” says Cohen. It can give off the wrong impression, and isn’t a job-seeking tactic that’s customarily received well.

Furthermore, it’s illegal for employers to discriminate against job candidates based on appearance, so attaching a headshot can put employers in an awkward position, says Nisonoff. Unless it’s specifically requested, and it’s relevant to the job at hand, keep your appearance out of it.

4. Salary Expectations

Most job candidates feel uneasy discussing salary requirements. For good reason: Giving a number that’s too high or too low can cost you the job. You should keep it out of your application materials entirely, unless the hiring manager asks for it.

“If they specifically ask for it, you should give them a range,” says Nisonoff, but even still, that information should be reserved for the cover letter and not put on the resume. If you have the option, save that discussion for a later stage of the interviewing process, ideally once the interviewer brings it up.

5. Lies

This should really go without saying, but career coaches and resume writers alike report that the line between embellishment and fabrication is often crossed by job applicants — and that they’ve seen it cost their clients jobs.

One of the most common areas in which people fudge the facts is the timeline of their work history.

“A client of mine who worked for a Wall Street firm had moved around quite a bit,” says Cohen. The client, who was a registered representative, intentionally excluded a former employer from his resume, and covered it up by altering the dates of employment at other firms. “Registered representatives leave a FINRA trail, and when his resume was checked against his FINRA trail, [the company] saw he had left off a firm and they pulled the offer,” Cohen explains.

Whether it’s using false information to cover a blemish or exaggerate success, there’s no room to lie on your resume. No matter how miniscule the chance is that you’ll be caught, you should always represent yourself as accurately as possible.

6. Things That Were Once Labeled “Confidential”

In many jobs, you will handle proprietary information. Having inside information from your positions at previous employers might make you feel important — but if you use that information to pad your resume, chances are it will raise a red flag.

“Confidential information should never be shared, it shows poor judgment,” says Cohen.

If you’re sharing the names of your clients, in-house financial dealings, or anything else that might be for your eyes only, it can backfire in two ways. The prospective employer will know that you can’t be trusted with sensitive information; and your current (or former) employer might find out what you have been sharing and it could be grounds for dismissal or even a lawsuit.

7. If You Were Fired From a Job — and What You Were Fired For

Your resume should put you in a positive light. Including that you were let go for poor performance, stealing from the company, or any other fault of your own will have the exact opposite effect.

“Leave out information about a situation that positions you negatively, such as ‘I got fired’ or ‘I mishandled funds,'” says Cohen. “Anything that suggests you used poor judgment in your current or former job.”

Following this advice does not violate the rule about lying (No. 5). If you’re asked to explain why you left a job, you need to bite the bullet and be straightforward, but until then, make sure you’re putting your best foot forward.

8. Overly Verbose Statements 

There is a pretty fine line between selling yourself and overselling yourself. Too many resumes overstate the importance of job responsibilities.

“Job seekers with limited experience [try] to put themselves in a ‘management’ light,” says Baehr, using phrases like “‘Spearheaded high-profile projects through supervision of others, leading by example.'” Keep your flair for the dramatic to a minimum, so resume readers can get a picture of what your real responsibilities were with your past or current company.

9. “References Available Upon Request” and Your Objective

The age-old “references available upon request” has become archaic. You should have solid references lined up from the get-go, so when the hiring manager asks for them, you’re ready to share them.

“It’s not really an option,” says Baehr. “If they want your references, they’re going to get them.”

Also nix the objective statement. It’s not really necessary to explain your career goals unless you are a recent graduate or are switching careers. If necessary, work your objective into a summary of your qualifications, says Cohen.

“It explains what you want, which may not be readily apparent from the resume,” he says, “and it also tells a story to explain why you want to make the career change.”

10. TMI

Too much information is almost never a good idea. It’s particularly bad when it’s put in front of hiring managers who are busy, tired, and quite frankly, probably not going to read your resume word-for-word. If you put too much information in your resume, recruiters will likely not read it at all or just scan it quickly.

“Far too much detail is damaging because it won’t get read,” says Cohen. “It suggests that you get lost in seeing the forest for the trees and also suggests an attachment to information. It’s a burden to the reader, and these days, readers of resumes don’t want to be burdened.”

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Any of us can adopt these principles to unleash our ‘inner Steve Jobs.’

jobsapple.jpgSteve Jobs’ impact on your life cannot be overestimated. His innovations have likely touched nearly every aspect — computers, movies, music and mobile. As a communications coach, I learned from Jobs that a presentation can, indeed, inspire. For entrepreneurs, Jobs’ greatest legacy is the set of principles that drove his success.

Over the years, I’ve become a student of sorts of Jobs’ career and life. Here’s my take on the rules and values underpinning his success. Any of us can adopt them to unleash our “inner Steve Jobs.”

1. Do what you love. Jobs once said, “People with passion can change the world for the better.” Asked about the advice he would offer would-be entrepreneurs, he said, “I’d get a job as a busboy or something until I figured out what I was really passionate about.” That’s how much it meant to him. Passion is everything.

2. Put a dent in the universe. Jobs believed in the power of vision. He once asked then-Pepsi President, John Sculley, “Do you want to spend your life selling sugar water or do you want to change the world?” Don’t lose sight of the big vision.

3. Make connections. Jobs once said creativity is connecting things. He meant that people with a broad set of life experiences can often see things that others miss. He took calligraphy classes that didn’t have any practical use in his life — until he built the Macintosh. Jobs traveled to India and Asia. He studied design and hospitality. Don’t live in a bubble. Connect ideas from different fields.

4. Say no to 1,000 things. Jobs was as proud of what Apple chose not to do as he was of what Apple did. When he returned in Apple in 1997, he took a company with 350 products and reduced them to 10 products in a two-year period. Why? So he could put the “A-Team” on each product. What are you saying “no” to?

5. Create insanely different experiences. Jobs also sought innovation in the customer-service experience. When he first came up with the concept for the Apple Stores, he said they would be different because instead of just moving boxes, the stores would enrich lives. Everything about the experience you have when you walk into an Apple store is intended to enrich your life and to create an emotional connection between you and the Apple brand. What are you doing to enrich the lives of your customers?

6. Master the message. You can have the greatest idea in the world, but if you can’t communicate your ideas, it doesn’t matter. Jobs was the world’s greatest corporate storyteller. Instead of simply delivering a presentation like most people do, he informed, he educated, he inspired and he entertained, all in one presentation.

7. Sell dreams, not products. Jobs captured our imagination because he really understood his customer. He knew that tablets would not capture our imaginations if they were too complicated. The result? One button on the front of an iPad. It’s so simple, a 2-year-old can use it. Your customers don’t care about your product. They care about themselves, their hopes, their ambitions. Jobs taught us that if you help your customers reach their dreams, you’ll win them over.

There’s one story that I think sums up Jobs’ career at Apple. An executive who had the job of reinventing the Disney Store once called up Jobs and asked for advice. His counsel? Dream bigger. I think that’s the best advice he could leave us with. See genius in your craziness, believe in yourself, believe in your vision, and be constantly prepared to defend those ideas.

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Adjunto web donde se puede ver con subtitulo en Castellano el mejor discurso de Steve Jobs.

http://www.expansion.com/2011/10/06/empresas/digitech/1317883526.html

Sin duda uno de los mejores discursos del Siglo XX.

 

 

 

 

 

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En la siguiente URL : http://www.forbes.com/lists/2011/6/best-countries-11_rank.html aparece el ranking de los 134 mejores países para hacer negocios. España figura el 32. Portugal el 22. Por delante de España, solamente 6 países tienen mayor población que nosotros.
Me llama la atención la posición de Omán, Bostwana o Zambia (los tres entre los 60 primeros), por delante de Rusia, Brasil, India o China.
¿Está ya en África el próximo BRIC?

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